Lombardy, is one of Italy's largest and most populous regions in the central north of the country. It is home to handful of popular and well-known wine styles including the bright, cherry-scented Valtellina and the high-quality sparkling wine of Franciacorta and Oltrepo Pavese Metodo Classico.
Lombardy is Italy’s industrial powerhouse, and has the nation's second-largest city (Milan) as its regional capital. Despite this, the region has large expanses of unspoilt countryside of which is home to many small-scale wineries that make a significant proportion of the region's annual 1.2 million hL wine output.
A large and geographically complex region, Lombardy is well placed to offer a wide range of wine styles, and is home to five DOCG , 21 DOC and 15 IGP titles. Franciacorta, the second of Lombardy's two sparkling DOCG wines, is from the rapidly developing and well-regarded vineyards between Brescia and Lake Iseo.
Located at the heart of northern Italy, Lombardy is entirely landlocked, bordered by Piedmont to the west, Emilia-Romagna to the south and Veneto to the west. To the north are the mighty Central Alps, and the Swiss region of Ticino. The region is not entirely without the cooling influence of large bodies of water, however: lakes Como, Iseo, Maggiore and Garda dominate its northern half. These bring more than just vista-seeking tourists to Lombardy – they also help to temper the climates of their respective vineyard zones. (© Wine-Searcher)
Lombardy's location between the Alps and the Po Basin contributes to its impressive diversity of mesoclimates. For example, the vineyards of Valtellina sit at altitudes between 230 and 765 meters (750 and 2,500ft) and are cooled by alpine breezes which blow east to west down the valley. Due to the alpine continental macroclimate here, diurnal temperature variation is high as the sun-baked slopes lose their heat rapidly and temperatures drop drastically at nightime. This is dramatically different from the relatively stable climate found lower down on the plains, where average humidity and temperatures are higher.